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sativa - indica - hybrid

In most cases, the terms are used to define large categories, which reveal a certain strain’s location in the ‘spectrum’ of cannabis. The variety of differences between indica and sativa is attributed to the fact that cannabis has an impressive capacity to adapt to many different types of environments. Indicas are commonly compact/stocky, with heavy, fragrant, and dense buds. Sativa buds tend to grow larger than indica, but generally have a less striking odor (when growing & dry).

The 'stone' effect of cannabis is generally attributed to indica, meaning that the effects are centered more on the body. Indicas may physically enhance sensations such as touch, sound, and taste. The effects of indica are well-known for being relaxing both mentally and physically, and in large doses can even cause drowsiness/sleepiness.

Noted for their 'high' effect, Sativas are often characterized as energetic, creative, cerebral, laughter-inducing, and sometimes psychedelic effects. The effects are less overwhelming than indica's 'stoned' effect and are less likely to put patients to sleep. 


In general, sativas and indicas are frequently distinguished as follows:



The primary effects are on thoughts and feelings. Sativas tend to produce stimulating feelings, and many prefer it for daytime use.


Some possible noted therapeutic effects from use of Sativas:

  • Stimulating/energizing

  • Increased sense of well-being, focus, creativity

  • Reduces depression, elevates mood

  • Relieves headaches/migraines/nausea

  • Increases appetite


Some possible noted Side-Effects from use of Sativas:

  • Increased anxiety feelings

  • Increased paranoia feelings



The primary effects are often on the body. For some, Indicas tend to produce sedated feelings, and many prefer it for nighttime use.

Some possible Therapeutic Effects from use of Indicas:           

  • Relaxation/reduces stress

  • Relaxes muscles/spasms

  • Reduces pain/inflammation/headaches/migraines

  • Helps sleep

  • Reduces anxiety

  • Reduces nausea, stimulates appetite

  • Reduces intra-ocular pressure

  • Reduces seizure frequency/anti-convulsant

Some possible side-effects from use of Indicas:

  • Feelings of tiredness

  • “Fuzzy” thinking



Generally speaking, the goal of a hybrid plant is to blend the positive traits and effects from different strains into one. Because of this, hybrids can simultaneously display effects from indica and sativa strains. Hybrids that display more indica like effects than sativa are described as 'indica-dominant,' while the opposite holds true for the hybrids that have sativa like effects than indica being considered 'sativa-dominant' strains. 

Positive Energy Bud

The expectation of a strain is occasionally over-generalized.

It is important to focus on two types of cannabis compounds – cannabinoids and terpenes – that hold most of the influence when it comes to therapeutic effects. 

1/8ths grams halves and quarters of weight

The information on this page is intended for educational purposes and Positive Energy does not recommend anything as medical treatment. 

Always speak with your doctor before using medical cannabis and other drugs.

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